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Arabica coffee beans allegedly first classified by a Swedish scientist named Carl Linnaeus (Carl von Linné) in 1753. The type of coffee that has caffeine content of 0.8-1.4% is a traditional type coffee with the best taste. Arabica coffee beans originating from Brazil and Ethiopia and have over 70 percent of world coffee market share.Most existing coffee made using this coffee bean type. And now it has been cultivated in around the world, from Latin America, Central Africa, East Africa, India, and Indonesia.

Arabica coffee beans have many varieties, depending on the country, the climate, and the land where coffee is grown.You can find mandailing, Sulawesi Toraja Kalosi, Columbian, brasilia, Colombian Milds, Guatemala Huehuetenango, Ethiopian Harrar, Hawaiian Kona, Jamaican Blue Mountain Coffee, Coffee Java, Santos, and others. Arabica coffee has a difference flavor between one and another depends on where they were planted. Because arabica coffee beans have more advantages than other types of coffee, Arabica coffee prices are more expensive than other types of coffee.

In general, arabica coffee beans grows in tropical or subtropical countries. Arabica coffee beans grow at 600-2000 m altitude above sea level. This plant can grow up to 3 meters when environmental conditions are good. Living in an area that is cool and cold. Optimal grows temperature is 18-26 ° C. Arabica coffee wanted 5.5 to 6 pH level of soil acidity.



Arabica coffee beans plants have a short structure resemble shrubs with a height of 2-3 meters. Rods standing upright with a rounded shape. Arabica coffee tree has many branches. Arabica coffee Leaf has a glossy green color as having a layer of wax. Older leaves were dark green. The leaf has elongated or oval shape with pointed tips. leaf base is Blunt and has a short stalk. The bone structure pinnate leaves.

Arabica coffee beans started to flowering after the rainy season. When the newly blooming flowers struck by heavy rain, it will cause fruiting failure. Flowers grows in the leaves armpit. Arabica coffee has white flowers and can pollinate itself, there was no difference in male and female flowers. From the fruit buds shape to be ready for harvest takes 8-11 months.

Arabica coffee beans berries rounded Shape like an egg, with a green fruit color then changed to a bright red when ripe. When the fruit was ripe, tend to easily fall out. Therefore, it must be harvested immediately. Fruit that fall out to the ground would decrease the quality, and tends to smell of soil.

Arabica coffee beans trees have deep cord roots. This deep root in order to sustain the tree so not easy to collapsed and endure in dry conditions. A tree root growth Determined when it's transferred from the nursery. The tree roots that does not grow well would interfere the productivity.

Below the characteristics of arabica coffee beans:
- The aroma scented odor like flowers and fruit mixture.
Arabica coffee beans have less caffeine than robusta
- Arabica coffee beans have a high acidity level than robusta.
Arabica coffee beans have a thick body or flavor when sipped in the mouth.
Arabica coffee beans taste is Pain or mild and more subtle.
Arabica coffee beans are bitter well-known.

So when you have coffee time and see a coffee that contains arabica coffee beans, you’ll know that you hold a precious commodity in your hands.

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